|Rainwater Harvesting in Goa|
|Importance of Water|
|Distribution of Water|
|Uses of Water|
Unlike other parts of the country, State of Goa being located on the west coast of the country receives copious rainfall by the South West Monsoons.
Rainfall pattern is heaviest at the mountain ranges and on its western slopes, which gradually reduces towards the coastal plains.
The entire precipitation is however limited to the monsoon period of just four months from June to September.
In scientific terms, water harvesting refers to collection and storage of rainwater and also other activities aimed at harvesting surface and groundwater, prevention of losses through evaporation and seepage and all hydrological studies and engineering inventions, aimed at conservation and efficient utilization of the limited water endowment of physiographic unit such as watershed.
Rain is the first form of water that we know in the hydrological cycle, hence is a primary source of water for us. Rivers, lakes and groundwater are all secondary sources of water.
Hence Rainwater harvesting is the activity of direct collection of rainwater that can either be stored for direct use or can be recharged into the ground water. Rainwater harvesting means to understand the value of rain and to make optimum use of rainwater at the place where it falls.
|How to harvest water|
Broadly, rainwater can be harvested for two purposes.
For storage for ready use in containers above the ground or below the ground
For recharging into the soil for withdrawal later .